Investigating Heritage Materials with Safer Ion and Photon Beam Experiments

Introduction

 

   The IAEA Technical Meeting entitled INVESTIGATING HERITAGE MATERIALS WITH SAFER ION AND PHOTON BEAM EXPERIMENTS will be hosted by the Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des musées de France in Paris, France, in cooperation with IPANEMA (CNRS, ministère de la Culture et de la Communication), from 7 December to 10 December 2015. The annoucement can be found on the websites of the three institutions:

www-naweb.iaea.org/napc/physics/meetings/TM47768.html

c2rmf.fr/actualite/international-meeting

ipanema.cnrs.fr/spip/scientific-events/investigating-heritage-materials/article/investigating-heritage-materials

This event is a follow-up to the IAEA Consultant Meeting “Mitigation strategies for radiation damage on cultural heritage materials”, held in 2013 at the IAEA headquarters in Vienna, Austria.

C2RMF logoThe C2RMF has 25 years of experience in the use of ion beams to study Cultural Heritage with the AGLAE accelerator facility. Radiation damage of Heritage materials is a major concern and responsibility for the centre.

IPANEMA logo
IPANEMA is a unique platform dedicated specifically to heritage materials and working on the development of advanced methods of material characterization in archaeology, palaeo-environments, palaeontology and cultural heritage research. IPANEMA provides support to access large-scale facility, namely the SOLEIL synchrotron source.

Iperion logo
  Both installations provide transnational access to the community through the IPERION CH (Integrated Platform for the European Research Infrastructure ON Culture Heritage) program of the European Commission; therefore, the investigation and control of radiation effects are of paramount interest to these leading institutes in this context. In order to exploit the synergies with existing initiatives and increase its outreach, the technical meeting is an official meeting of the IPERION CH project. Project partners will present their results and be involved in working group discussions.

It is planned that the discussions during the meeting will therefore shift from general considerations towards exploring the rules regarding specific categories or collections of objects and samples. New collaborative research programs with training actions will help understanding, predicting and mitigating in a more precise way the effects of irradiation.
 

Background

Analytical techniques using intense photon and ion beams produced by particle accelerators and synchrotrons are increasingly being applied to study artefacts from our Cultural or Natural Heritages. The interest in these nuclear analytical techniques is firstly to be accredited to ‘non-destructive’ analysis, particularly when wishing to avoid sampling.  As a matter of fact, under irradiation at high flux visible or non-visible alterations might be induced, depending on the investigated materials and the experimental conditions. While radiation effects have been investigated for a long time in the fields of materials and life sciences, few studies have addressed the potential consequences on heritage objects, probably due to the complex and often composite nature and properties (optical, mechanical, chemical, etc.) of these materials.

Usually, “safe” measurement conditions are set during the analysis on the basis of the beam analyst team’s experience and careful application of controlled beam fluxes. Especially with the development of the nuclear instrumentation (e.g. high output ion source, focussed ion beams, 3D tomography and fast 2D scanning requiring long irradiation time, etc.) this approach can be perceived as being insufficient by heritage stakeholders like curators or archaeologists, which might limit further collaboration. Avoiding the debate on risks for creating damage during analysis might also lead to the development of taboos. Leaving the alteration processes at an atomic level unexplained, and possibly overestimated, would also be detrimental.

This IAEA technical meeting, co-organized by C2RMF and IPANEMA, will offer the opportunity to discuss and develop synergy on the topic of radiation effects between the heritage and experimental science communities. Holding the meeting at the C2RMF, an institution whose mission is to investigate Art and Archaeology artefacts located within the Louvre Museum premises, will provide an excellent opportunity to bring together people from various scientific backgrounds. Additionally, access to accelerator-based instruments provided by the two organizing institutions, as well as the corresponding expertise and networks, provide additional benefits.

Purpose

The purpose of the IAEA Technical Meeting is to bring physicists, material scientists, archaeologists, conservators, palaeontologists and curators together with the following objectives:

• discuss the possible effects of radiation damage on heritage objects during ion and photon beam experiments;

• review the current status of the research and practical approaches used at different facilities;

• suggest safer procedures and improved practices for monitoring and mitigation strategies;

• recommend the scientific community and the IAEA on future collaborations, taking into account current initiatives such as the IPERION CH and ERIHS (European Research Infrastructure for Heritage Science) European initiatives.

Scientific programme and Topics

 

Monday, 7th December

08:30 - 09:00

 Participants welcome

09:00 - 09:40

 Opening addresses

 Chair: T. Calligaro

 I. Pallot-Frossard, Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des musées de France

 A. Simon, International Agency for Atomic Energy

 L. Bertrand IPANEMA

 A.-J. Etter, Fondation de Sciences du Patrimoine

 P. Liévaux, Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication

09:40 - 10:00

 A. Simon, IAEA, ORG

 Overview of the IAEA accelerators regular programme
 Objectives and expected outcomes of the Technical Meeting

10:00 - 10:20

 L. Bertrand, IPANEMA, F

 Motivation and previous IAEA coordinated actions in the field of
 radiation damage of Heritage materials

10:20 - 10:40

 Z. Szikszai, ATOMKI, HU
 Presentation of the EU-funded Integrated Platform for the European
 Research Infrastructure ON Culture Heritage (IPERION). The Joint
 Research Activities on radiation damage

10:40 - 11:00

 Coffee break

11:00 - 11:20

 Session-1: Current practices in X-ray Analysis of heritage items

 Chair: F. Zanini, IT

 Keynote lecture

 S. Webb, SLAC, USA: Cultural Heritage Imaging At SLAC

11:20 - 11:40

11:40 - 12:00

 F.  Borondics, SOLEIL, F

 Opportunities for cultural heritage research using synchrotron based
 infrared spectromicroscopy

12:00 - 12:20

 R. Freitas, LNLS, BR

 Nanoscale-resolved infrared spectroscopy as analytical tool for
 cultural heritage studies

12:20 - 12:40

 A. Aldrabee, JAEC, JO

 Archaeometric Characterization of Ancient Pottery Fragments from
 Khirbet Faris site Using Non-Destructive SR-XRF Technique

12:40 - 14:00

 Lunch buffet meeting room C2RMF

14:00 - 14:20

 F. Salvemini, ANSTO, AU

 Nuclear techniques for heritage materials:
 State of art and future perspectives at ANSTO

14:20 - 14:40

 I. Reiche, RFSM, D

 External ion beam and synchrotron-induced X-ray analyses of different
 ivories ranging from modern tusks to prehistoric objects.
 Evaluation of possible beam-induced damages

14:40 - 15:00

 Session-2:  Current practices in ion beam Analysis of heritage items

 Chair: L. Beck

 Keynote lecture: D. Strivay, U. Liège, BE

 Recent technical developments of non-invasive cultural heritage
 analysis at the university of Liège

15:00 - 15:20

15:20 - 15:40

 G. Du, Inst. Mod. Phys, CN

 The high energy interdisciplinary microbeam at HIRFL in Lanzhou

15:40 - 16:00

 Coffee break

16:00 - 16:20

 Z. Smit, U. Lubljana, SI

 Pre-measurement treatment of archaeological artefacts and
 radiation damage

16:20 - 16:40

 M. Griesser, KMV, AT

 Investigation of the corrosion and manufacturing technique of high
 leaded antique bronze coins by using radiation-based analytical
 techniques

16:40 - 17:00

 M. Espinosa-Pesqueira, ININ, MX

 An Interdisciplinary research on Archaeological Metallic Artefacts:
 Analyzing Technology and Decay by Means of Electron Microscopy,
 XRD and µXRF

 

Tuesday, 8th December

09:00 - 09:40

 Session 3 Radiation effects (X-ray beams)

 Chair: I. Reiche, D

 keynote lecture: S. Schöder, SOLEIL, F

 Effects of photon beams on matter –
 basic radiation damage processes

09:40 - 10:00

 M. Moini, GWU, USA
 Investigating the effect of intense photon and ion beams produced by
 synchrotron and particle accelerators on museums proteinaceous
 specimens

10:00 - 10:20

 V. Rouchon, MNHN, F
 Irradiation of organic materials and conservation issues

10:20 - 10:40

 D. Galante, LNLS, BR
 Resilience of biomolecules under environmental stress:
 From the origin of life to the preservation of the cultural heritage

10:40 - 11:00

 Coffee break

11:00 - 11:20

 Session 4 Radiation effects (ion beams)

 Chair: Z. Szökefalvi-Nagy, Wigner Centre, HU

 keynote lecture: I. Vickridge, INSP, F

 Basic aspects of modification of materials by the analysing beam
 during Ion Beam Analysis

11:20 - 11:40

11:40 - 12:00

 R. Huszank, ATOMKI, HU
 Investigation of chemical changes in organic materials upon
 ion beam irradiation

12:00 - 12:20

 L. Beck, CEA, F

 Behavior of white pigments under particle irradiation

12:20 - 12:40

 V. Gonzalez, C2RMF, F

 New insights into the sensitivity of lead white pigment to a proton
 beam

12:40 - 14:00

 In-door Conference Photo

 Lunch buffet meeting room C2RMF

14:00 - 14:20

 Session 5  Mitigation strategies

 Chair: Z. Kertesz, ATOMKI, HU

 Keynote lecture: C. Pacheco,  T. Calligaro, C2RMF, F

 Development of a multi-detector within the New AGLAE project.
 Mitigation strategies for the PIXE imaging of historical paintings

14:20 - 14:40

14:40 - 15:00

 V. Corregidor Berdasco, ITN, PT

 Ion beam techniques for cultural heritage studies in Portugal

15:00 - 15:20

 M. Thoury, SOLEIL, F

 Revealing radiation damages in Cultural Heritage materials with
 imaging approaches from deep ultraviolet up to near infrared

15:20 - 15:40

 A. Simon, IAEA, ORG

 Guidelines for Wednesday working groups

15:40 - 16:00

 Coffee break

16:00 - 16:20

 Poster Session

 G. Gariani, C2RMF, F

 Preliminary study on the verdigris pigment stability under ion beam
 irradiation

 P. Loukopoulou, GMC, GR

 Analysis of altered gold-leaf glass tesserae using micro-PIXE/PIGE

 M. Roumie, LAEC, LB

 Use of Ion Beam Analysis Techniques for Cultural Heritage in Lebanon

 D. Tenorio, ININ, MX

 The obsidian of Southern Sinaloa: New evidence of Aztatlan networks through PIXE

 

16:20 - 16:40

16:40 - 17:00

 

Wednesday, 9th December

09:00 - 09:40

 Working Groups
Radiation effects caused by ions beams

 Round table discussions

 WG leaders:

 I. Vickridge, INSP, F

 Z. Szikszai, ATOMKI, HU
 25 participants

 Ion beam analysis experts

 Ion application experts

 Heritage stakeholders

 Working Groups
Radiation effects caused by X-ray beams

 Round table discussions

 WG leaders:

 D. Galante, LNLS, BR

 S. Schöder, SOLEIL, F
 20 participants

 Ion beam analysis experts

 Ion application experts

 Heritage stakeholders

09:40 - 10:00

10:00 - 10:20

10:20 - 10:40

10:40 - 11:00

 Coffee break

11:00 - 11:20

 Working Groups

 Radiation effects caused by
 ions beams Round table
 discussions

 (continued)

 Working Groups

 Radiation effects caused by
 X-ray beams

 Round table discussions

 (continued)

11:20 - 11:40

11:40 - 12:00

12:00 - 12:20

12:20 - 12:40

12:40 - 14:00

 Lunch buffet meeting room C2RMF

14:00 - 14:20

 General conference

 Extended to a wider audience

 (curators, conservators, students, scientists, etc.)

 

 Case study :  G. Pierrat-Bonnefois, Louvre, F (20 min)

 Defects due to ion beam interaction in Egyptian faiences glazes
 Summary of discussions by WG leaders (2x 20 minutes)

14:20 - 14:40

14:40 - 15:00

15:00 - 15:20

15:20 - 15:40

15:40 - 16:00

 C2RMF guided tour

 2 groups

 restoration workshops

 AGLAE facility

16:00 - 16:20

16:20 - 16:40

16:40 - 17:00

17:00 - 17:20

17:20 – 21:00

 17:20 Louvre museum visit (20 persons)

 Museum open till 21:00

 


Thursday, 10th December

09:00 - 09:40

 Synthesis of round table discussions
 by WG leaders: I. Vickridge, Z. Szikszai,  D. Galante, S. Schöder
 joint discussions of the two WG’s

09:40 - 10:00

10:00 - 10:20

 Meeting report preparation

 supervision by A. Simon, T. Calligaro, L. Bertrand

 Synthesis

 Recommendations

 Development of mitigation strategies

10:20 - 10:40

10:40 - 11:00

 Coffee break

11:00 - 11:20

 Meeting report preparation (continued)

 Meeting follow-up

 Approval

 Conclusions and perspectives

 Summary remarks

 A. Simon, IAEA, ORG

11:20 - 11:40

11:40 - 12:00

12:00 - 12:20

12:20 - 12:40

12:40 - 13:00

 Closing address
 I. Pallot-Frossard,
Director of the C2RMF

13:00 - 14:00

Lunch buffet meeting room C2RMF

 

Friday, 11th December

10:00 - 10:20

  Visit of the IPANEMA laboratory
  and SOLEIL synchrotron in Saclay

10:20 - 10:40

10:40 - 11:00

11:00 - 11:20

11:20 - 11:40

11:40 - 12:00

 

The meeting will cover the following topics:

  1. Classification of radiation-sensitive heritage materials
  2. Current practices in radiation analysis of heritage items
  3. Monitoring radiation-induced modifications: real-time and long-term
  4. Identifying model samples and opportunities for joint testing program
  5. Development and recommendation of damage mitigation strategies

As distinct interaction processes and effects are involved, photons and ions will be considered separately in some of the working group discussions.

Meeting Format

The meeting will have invited and contributed oral papers presented in sessions devoted to special topics, with subsequent discussions. It is expected that keynotes lecture (one per session) will be 40 minutes long, including a 10 minute discussion, while contributed talks will be 20 minutes long, including a 5 minute discussion. An electronic projector connected to a computer will be available for the presentations. A poster session is orgzanized 8 December at 4 PM. Poster size should be close to A0 format (1189 mm x 841 mm).

The meeting will start at 9 AM on 7 December 2015 and finish by 1 PM on 10 December 2015. A general session, open to a wider audience, will be held the 9 December 2015 2-4 PM to review the progress reported and conclusions drawn at the meeting. Policies and directions for future research will be also discussed and presented.

The working language of the meeting is English; no interpretation will be provided.

International Programme Advisory Committee (IPAC)

 

Name

Affiliation

Mr Alessandro ZUCCHIATTI

Centro de Microanalisis de Materiales, Madrid, Spain

(ion beam methods expert)

Ms Zita SZIKSZAI

MTA Atomki, Debrecen, Hungary
(ion beam application expert)

Ms Marika SPRING

The National Gallery, London, United Kingdom
(synchrotron application expert)

Mr Samuel WEBB

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford, USA
(synchrotron methods expert)

Organisation

Technical Meeting co-chairs

 

Ms Aliz SIMON
Aliz.Simon@iaea.org
International Atomic Energy Agency
Division of Physical and Chemical Sciences
Vienna International Centre, P.O. Box 100, A1400 Vienna, Austria
Tel.: +43 1 2600-21706, FAX: +43 1 26007

Mr Thomas CALLIGARO
thomas.calligaro@culture.gouv.fr
C2RMF, Research Dpt
PSL Research University, Chimie ParisTech - CNRS, Institut de Recherche Chimie Paris, UMR8247
14 quai François Mitterrand, 75001 Paris, France
Tel.: +33 (0)1 40 20 54 13, FAX: +33 (0)1 47 03 32 46
 

Mr Loïc BERTRAND
loic.bertrand@synchrotron-soleil.fr
IPANEMA
USR 3461, CNRS, ministère de la Culture et de la Communication
L'Orme des Merisiers, BP 48 St Aubin, F-91192 Gif Sur Yvette, France
Tel: +33 (0)1 69 35 97 80
http://ipanema.cnrs.fr

IAEA ADMINISTRATIVE SECRETARY

Ms. Lilla HEDERVARI
L.Hedervari@iaea.org
International Atomic Energy Agency
Division of Physical and Chemical Sciences
Vienna International Centre, P.O. Box 100, A1400 Vienna, Austria
Tel.: +43 1 2600-26393, FAX: +43 1 26007

Local Organising Committee (LOC)
 

Mr Michel MENU
C2RMF - Head of Research Department
Mr François MIRAMBET
C2RMF  - Deputy head of Research Department
Ms Claire PACHECO
C2RMF  - Research Department – head of AGLAE group
Mr Sebastian SCHOEDER
Synchrotron SOLEIL / IPANEMA – head of the PUMA beamline

Local Secretariat
Ms Elsa BOURGUIGNON, Mr Gianluca GARIANI, Ms Marie RADEPONT
C2RMF, e-mail: tm2015.c2rmf@culture.gouv.fr

Participation

About 40-50 experts nominated by the IAEA Member States and international organizations are expected to attend.
The participants should be persons actively involved in the topics of the meeting.

In order to participate in the meeting, these major steps must be completed:

 

(1) IAEA PARTICIPATION (Form A submission)

A participant will be accepted only if the Participation Form A is transmitted to the IAEA through the appropriate Governmental representative authority (e.g. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, National Atomic Energy Authority) by 12 October 2015. In case the participant intends to make a contribution a relevant abstract should be attached together with Form B.

(2) ABSTRACT SUBMISSION

A one page abstract must be submitted by 12 October 2015. The abstract may be text only or contain figures and graphics, but must only be one page. The abstract must contain the authors’ names, affiliation and email addresses. Acceptable file formats are Microsoft Word (preferred) or PDF. The filename should be in the following format: "lastname.firstname.filetype".

Please do not forget to indicate at the end of the abstract which topic you are contributing to.

The abstract shall be prepared according to the following instructions:

1) Page size: A4 (297mm by 210 mm) – vertical orientation
2) Margins 25mm all around
3) Layout:

         Title: single-spaced, 14-point size, Times New Roman Font, bold
           Authors: single-spaced, 12-point size, Times New Roman Font
         Affiliation: single-spaced, 12-point size, Times New Roman Font, italic
         Text: 1.5 spaced, 12-point size, Times New Roman Font
            Length:
one page

Authors must make sure that the files do not include copyrighted fonts or any other impediments for reproduction. The abstracts will be reviewed and selected by the International Programme Advisory Committee. Authors will be informed of the acceptance of their contributions via email by 30 October 2015.

Please submit the abstract electronically also directly to the meeting co-chair with the Subject: IAEA TM on Heritage Materials

Aliz.Simon@iaea.org, thomas.calligaro@culture.gouv.fr and loic.bertrand@synchrotron-soleil.fr

A Book of Abstracts will be compiled for free distribution during the meeting to every participant. A meeting report will be prepared during the meeting and distributed to each meeting participant.

If agreed during the meeting, then a scientific publication/special issue will be prepared based on some of the contributions after the meeting.

(3) EXPENDITURES AND FINANCIAL SUPPORT

The costs for the organization of the meeting are borne by the C2RMF, IPANEMA and the IAEA.

No registration fee will be charged to participants attending the meeting.

As a general rule, the IAEA does not pay for participants’ travel and living expenses. However, limited funds are available to help meet the cost of attendance of selected specialists, mainly from developing countries with low economic resources. Generally, not more than one travel grant may be awarded to any one country.

If Governments wish to apply for a grant on behalf of one of their specialists, they should address specific requests to the IAEA Scientific Secretary at the International Atomic Energy Agency to this effect. Governments should ensure that applications for grants:

a) are received by the IAEA before 12 October  2015,
b) are accompanied by a duly completed and signed Grant Form C,
c) are accompanied by a duly completed and signed Form A, Form B and abstract fully
     relevant to the scope of the technical meeting.

Applications that do not comply with the conditions mentioned above cannot be considered.

Awards will be announced around 4 November 2015.

Visa


Participants who require a visa to enter France should submit the necessary application to the nearest diplomatic or consular representative of France as soon as possible. A letter of invitation will be sent to the accepted participants around 4 November 2015. Letters of support from the Local Organizing Committee will be provided on request to the LOC Secretariat.

Information about visa can be found in this link:
http://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/fr/venir-en-france/formalites-d-entree-en-france/

Venue and Transportation


The meeting will be held at the Palissy Auditorium of the Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musées de France, located in the premisses of the Louvre palace, Paris.

A secure WIFI access will be avalaible in the Auditorium

Palissy auditorium

Directions to get to the Louvre Museum

 

detailed access map to find the C2RMF within the Louvre Palace:

C2RMF access map

The entrance is labeled “Accès site Carrousel” on the map.

A summary session, opened to a wider audience will be held on Wednesday afternoon.

 

Transportation

 

The Louvre Museum can be conveniently reached from the two airport in Paris.

From Roissy CDG airport:

  • By train using the CDGVAL shuttle to the RER B station. RER B to Chatelet-Les Halles ststaion. connection to Line 1 and exit at Palais-Royal Musée du Louvre station.
  • By bus with Roissybus arriving at Opera, than line 7 to Palais-Royal Musée du Louvre station.

From Orly airport:

  • By train using the ORLYVAL shuttle connecting to the RER B at Antony station. RER B to Chatelet-Les Halles station. Connection to Line 1 and exit at Palais-Royal Musée du Louvre station.
  • By bus with the Orlybus connecting to the RER B at Denfert Rochereau. RER B to Chatelet-Les Halles station. Connection to Line 1 and exit at Palais-Royal Musée du Louvre station.

Accomodation tips

The participants will be free to choose their lodging. This might not be an issue as Paris offers plenty of possibilities for accommodation, provided reservation is not at the last minute. Zooming in google maps will show you that in every street there are hotels. The offer ranges from palaces to modest accommodations. In general, the price per night is around 100 € for  ** hotels  and 120-150 € for  *** hotels. You can use the hotel search engine of your choice to find availabilities.

We recommend to choose an accommodation located along metro lines 1 and 14 which stop closest to the Louvre museum (Palais-Royal Musée du Louvre station on line 1 and Pyramides station on line 14). In the Western direction towards the Champs Elysées, hotels are of higher category and accordingly more expensive. In the Eastern direction hotels are less expensive. It is always possible to find a cheaper accommodation by going farther on the metro lines (up to Nation or Vincennes stations on line 1;  Bibliothèque Nationale or Olympiades stations on line 14) :

Fors exemple, hostels at practical distance can be found in three areas:

  • Cour Saint-Emilion station on line 14, four stops from the Pyramides station
  • Bastille station on line 1, five stops from Palais-Royal
  • Gare de Lyon station on line 1, six stops from Palais-Royal

The first is the Bercy Village district. The hotels and surroundings are modern, safe, and pleasant, with a nice Japanese garden and many restaurants around for the evening.

Many hotels belong to the Accord group, such as the IBIS Paris Bercy Village

Alternatively there are smaller hotels, sometimes closer like Hotel Montpensier Paris, but the number of rooms is limited.

Feel fre to ask for more information at tm2015.c2rmf@culture.gouv.fr

Post-meeting visit

An optional visit to the IPANEMA laboratories and the PUMA beamline of the Synchrotron SOLEIL which is dedicated to ancient materials will be organised in Friday 11 December 2015 from 10AM to 12AM.
 

Important dead-lines

12 October 2015

Nominations to be sent to the IAEA and submission of abstracts according to the instructions above for selection.

12 October 2015

Request to the IAEA for financial support.

30 October 2015

Participants will be informed about the acceptance of their contribution.

4 November 2015

Grant awards.

4 November 2015

Letter of invitations are sent to the accepted participants by the IAEA.

7 December 2015

Meeting begins.